Mikrotik Router winbox login error wrong user name or password

If you are trying to access mikrotik router through winbox and you are confirm your admin password is wright and its not getting you login through winbox. You tried to login through Router console locally and you are able to login. but through winbox you are getting below error.

its giving Error : wrong username or password

So This is because your router has been compromised and the hacker has denied all logins from any IP address except his IP address . like below image.

Now you will have to remove there IP address to access through winbox.

1- Login in to your Mikrotik router console

2-  go to under user    /user >edit admin address   and press Enter

3- Now delete all the IP address 

4- Now press     Ctrl + O

5-  Now try to access through winbox

you should be able to login.

 

Backup and Restore your Centos

Some time you want to take backup of your server including application and settings .below are the easy method a small example

1- The first step is to create a location to store the backup. For this article we’re going to store the backup on the same hard drive as the installed operating system

2-Make a backup directory where you will keep backup file.

mkdir /backup

3- Now we will create a compressed version of the Operating System in one single file (tarball) using the tar command.

tar cvpzf /backups/backup.tgz --exclude=/proc --exclude=/lost+found --exclude=/backups --exclude=/dev --exclude=/sys --exclude=/boot/grub --exclude=/boot/grub2 --exclude=/etc/fstab --exclude=/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ --exclude=/etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules  /

Now transfer your backup.tgz file to new server .In order to restore your server from the previously created tarball the server must have the same Operating System version loaded on it.

To Restore your backup use the following.

tar xvpfz /backups/backup.tgz -C /

Centos 5.X yum update

Update of packages using default repositories (base, update etc.) is no longer applicable.You should switch boxes, run on CentOS 5.x., to so called Vault repositories.

1- Disable base, updates and other enabled repositories (where enabled=1 is set) in the CentOS-Base.repo: 

sed -i 's/enabled=1/enabled=0/g' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

create a new repo file and enter the following lines

vim  /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Vault.repo

[c5.11-base]
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5
gpgcheck=1
name=CentOS-5.11 - Base
baseurl=http://vault.centos.org/5.11/os/$basearch/
exclude=ruby* libyaml* corosync* corosynclib* pacemaker*
enabled=1
[c5.11-updates]
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5
gpgcheck=1
name=CentOS-5.11 - Updates
baseurl=http://vault.centos.org/5.11/updates/$basearch/
exclude=ruby* libyaml* corosync* corosynclib* pacemaker*
enabled=1

original link :- https://docs.onapp.com/misc/eol-centos-5-x

How to update Centos 5 .X and cannot find a valid baseurl for repo

How to update Centos 5 .X and cannot find a valid baseurl for repo

If you are using CentOS 5.x and want to install any software and update CentOS 5.x  . you are getting following error .

root@server1 [~]# yum update -y
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Determining fastest mirrors
YumRepo Error: All mirror URLs are not using ftp, http[s] or file.
 Eg. Invalid release/
removing mirrorlist with no valid mirrors: /var/cache/yum/base/mirrorlist.txt
Error: Cannot find a valid baseurl for repo: base

This is because update repositories were moved to the CentOS vault when the operating reached it's end-of-life.

Edit the following file

Continue reading How to update Centos 5 .X and cannot find a valid baseurl for repo

vos3000 illegal calls query to block IP address

vos3000 illegal calls query to block IP address

All call records are saved in e_cdr_files

you can query to get ip addresses of illegal calls source.

mysql> select DISTINCT callerip from e_cdr_20180818 where endreason = ‘-9’;
+—————-+
| callerip |
+—————-+
| 195.154.93.229 |
| 50.2.187.130 |
| 5.62.63.181 |
| 216.244.84.202 |
| 37.49.231.161 |
| 88.198.57.146 |
| 37.49.231.63 |
| 50.22.52.22 |
| 93.190.143.70 |
| 216.244.73.98 |
+—————-+
10 rows in set (0.00 sec)

if someone can write a script to get IP address from current date CDR  for every 5 min and update the iptables automatically.

How to configure Mikrotik DHCP Server for Cisco Phone TFTP option

How to configure Mikrotik DHCP Server for Cisco Phone TFTP option

1- Change your TFTP server IP in to hex code

you can use this online tool : http://www.miniwebtool.com/ip-address-to-hex-converter/

2- Now configure Mikrotik RouterOS :

/ip dhcp-server option add code=150 name=ciscotftp value=0xC0A80307

Continue reading How to configure Mikrotik DHCP Server for Cisco Phone TFTP option